The first thing we are going to define in this new post, is the terminology of interior design and landscaping in a literal way to avoid confusion. 

What is interior design?

Interior design is related to the artistic discipline in charge of the conditioning and optimization of interior spaces, homes, offices, leisure centers, etc. 

It is directly linked to architecture because of the need for knowledge of the proportions of spaces and objects and its objective is to design spaces that directly improve the quality of life of those who use it. 

What is landscaping?

Landscaping is defined as the art of projecting, designing and planning open spaces, whether public or private. 

Among all the objectives pursued by landscaping is to create and preserve the natural beauty that surrounds man and move them (in this case), to the interior to awaken multiple benefits in each room, this is what we call interior landscaping.

Landscaping has its beginnings in the 1940s, when the threat of a nuclear and ecological catastrophe, new ideas of sustainable cities arise and the alternative of creating urban green spaces that have the natural ability to filter pollutants from the air, lower the temperature of the soil and air and also generate healthy benefits for the community is offered.

In 1992, in Huang, they state that vegetation cooling occurs in two ways, indirect and direct. 

  • Indirect: phenomenon called evapotranspiration
  • Direct: because of the shade it provides and because it blocks the wind. 

Some studies have confirmed that the size of green areas does not matter, but that all green areas have cooling capacity, especially trees.

Is there a difference between interior design and landscaping?

Both definitions have in common that they are actions at the hands of designers and have the objective of improving the stay and quality of life of all those who enjoy it, while interior design is generic at the level of decoration, landscaping focuses on nature and the environment brought indoors or simply placed outdoors with a specific distribution based on previous studies and planning. We always recommend to count on professionals in the sector to help achieve spaces totally in accordance with nature and the rest of the elements. 


In addition to the already known advantages of vegetation (reduction of waste water, carbon and reducing the effect of climate change), they have also discovered other benefits of interior design and landscaping with respect to individual health, such as air filtration, but let's define some more:

Humidification of the environment

The presence of a plant significantly increases the humidity in the air and this is beneficial to health because it keeps the throat, mucous membranes and skin, constantly hydrated avoiding the appearance of cough and skin irritation, among others, when we are in a dry environment. 

Create interior wall landscapes and enjoy a moist and healthy environment. 

Sound reduction

It is an advantage that is appreciated in enclosed places and hard floors. Plants have the ability to reduce sound, it is perceived when the sound frequency is very high. 

Hence, landscape murals are frequently used for interiors, especially in offices. 

Improves mood and well-being 

Having plants around improves the mood and has positive psychological effects. Contact and care do not influence this perception, that is, no matter if you are near a plant or if you are taking care of it, you will perceive the same feeling of well-being. 

Reduces stress, relaxes and cheers up

Plants directly influence the level of concentration and compression by increasing it. In addition, they also attenuate negative feelings such as fear and anger. 

With respect to health, it has been shown that a sick person recovers faster and better in the presence of flowers and plants. 

Psychologically, they are a very healthy and natural stimulant. 

Thanks to interior design and landscaping we can create landscapes of inner peace and tranquility. 

Atmospheres created with vegetation

The concept of atmosphere, according to Zumthor, is defined as an emotional sensitivity, a perception captured quickly and that occurs when you enter a building, a space, and you already perceive the sensation of what it is. 

When we think of interior design, it is common to direct our thoughts only to furniture, decoration, colors, combinations, etc., but it is not usually included the option of placing plants directly in the design of the spaces and it is something that little by little we are getting used to see, but there is still a long way to go. 

It is not only necessary to incorporate decorative elements with plants outside, such as gardens, balconies, patios, etc., but also inside to give a very personal touch to the room and correctly placed, we can introduce the interior to a totally natural and green exterior. 

Tips for indoor planting

It is no secret that plants with green areas favor and enhance, in equal parts, the interior design, which is why it is essential to know where and how to place them. 

  • Place plants in rooms with large windows that look out onto an indoor or outdoor garden. 
  • In case the rooms of your house overlook an interior courtyard, it is also interesting to take advantage of each window or access to it with the decoration of the plants to respect the natural place of the plant itself, as well as to unite in a softer way the interior with the exterior.